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Using the timeline feature and "play" button in the bottom-left of the chart, you can explore how this has changed over time.
Also included are UN Urbanization projections to 2050.
India's rise has continued to steadily rise to 1-in-3 (33 percent) today.
In the sections above we looked at the long history of urbanization.
Prior to 1600, it's estimated that the share of the world population living in urban settings did not reach 5 percent.
By 1800, this share reached 7 percent; and by 1900 had increased to 16 percent.
We zoom in on urban growth over the last 500 years later in this entry, followed by more recent trends from 1960 onwards.Here we see that across most countries, urban shares have been increasing. Higher-income countries, particularly across Europe, North America and Australasia already had large urban populations in the mid-20th century.Most had more than half of their population living in urban areas, with some exceeding 80 percent.As we would expect from trends in urban populations (shown above), urban land area was absent or insignificant for most of human history.This is shown in the chart below which estimates long-run urban area (measured in square kilometres; km The significant increase in urban area has been a development focused within the last few centuries, but with the majority of expansion realised in the 20th century.